Propoer dental cleanings are an important step in halting the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis.
Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gum tissue, either above or below the gum line. These bacteria colonies cause serious inflammation and irritation which in turn produce a chronic inflammatory response in the body. As a result, the body begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift, become unstable, or completely fall out. The pockets between the gums and teeth become deeper and house more bacteria which may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body.
Reasons for a thourough teeth cleaning
Keeping your mouth in good health and stopping the progression of gum disease requires regular cleanings.
Here are some of the benefits of a thourough dental cleaning:
Tartar removal – Tartar and plaque buildup, both above and below the gum line, can cause serious periodontal problems if left untreated. Even using the best brushing and flossing homecare techniques, it can be impossible to remove debris, bacteria and deposits from gum pockets. The experienced eye of a dentist using specialized dental equipment is needed in order to spot and treat problems such as tartar and plaque buildup.
Aesthetics – It’s hard to feel confident about a smile marred by yellowing, stained teeth. Regular and thourough cleanings can rid the teeth of unsightly stains and return the smile to its former glory.
Fresher breath – Periodontal disease is often signified by persistent bad breath (halitosis). Bad breath is generally caused by a combination of rotting food particles below the gum line, possible gangrene stemming from gum infection, and periodontal problems. The removal of plaque, tartar and bacteria noticeably improves breath and alleviates swelling and irritation.
Identification of health issues – Many health problems first present themselves to the dentist. Since dental cleanings involve a thorough examination of the entire mouth, the dentist is able to screen for oral cancer, evaluate the risk of periodontitis (gum disease) and often spot signs of medical problems like diabetes and kidney problems. Recommendations can also be provided for altering the home care regimen.
What does a dental cleaning involve?
Cleanings can either be performed in the course of a regular dental visit or, if necessary, under general anesthetic or oral sedation. General anesthetic is particularly common where severe periodontal disease is suspected or has been diagnosed by the dentist. Cleanings are generally performed in several stages:
Subgingival cleaning – This is the most important step for patients with periodontal disease because the dentist is able to remove tartar and debris from the gum pockets and beneath the gum line.
Root planing - This is the smoothing of the tooth root by the dentist to eliminate any remaining bacteria. These bacteria are extremely dangerous to periodontitis sufferers, so eliminating them is one of the top priorities of the dentist.
Medication - Following scaling and root planing, an antibiotic is often placed in the gum pockets. Antibiotics promote fast and healthy healing in the pockets and help ease discomfort.
X-ray and examination – Routine X-rays can be extremely revealing when it comes to periodontal disease. X-rays show the extent of bone and gum recession, and also aid the dentist in identifying areas which may need future attention.
Dentalcleanings are recommended twice a year as a preventative measure, but should be performed every 3-4 months on periodontitis sufferers. Though gum disease cannot be completely reversed, regular and thourough cleanings are one of the tools the dentist can use to effectively halt its destructive progress.
If you have questions or concerns about cleanings or periodontal disease, please ask your dentist.